Culture

The vine (“vitis vinifera”) , born from a local wild plant from the Tertiary Period, has been known to man since 4000 BC. Its cultivation dates back to the Greco-Roman antiquity, but pruning did not occur until the 12th century.

There are several types of pruning and the most commonly used in Alsace is the “ double guyot” or cane pruning. It involves double canes, arch-trained one on each side with each a dozen fruiting buds on each cane and two renewal spurs with two buds under each arched cane.

Because yields are limited, moderate pruning is imperative in a well-managed vineyard. This is why a single arched cane is pruned in certain areas of productive varietals such as Sylvaner.

Terroir

The richness and diversity of terroirs and the age-old know-how of winemakers warrant great wines which will age beautifully.

7 Grape Varieties

In Alsace, wines are produced from 7 grape varieties:

  1. Sylvaner
  2. Pinot Blanc
  3. Riesling
  4. Muscat
  5. Pinot Gris
  6. Gewurztraminer
  7. Pinot Noir for red wines

This range allows us to offer wines which will pair well with everything from aperitif to dessert.

Assets

The assets of the Alsatian vineyard are :

  1. its truly specific micro-climate : sheltered from oceanic influences by the Vosges Mountains, Alsace has warm summer ( 30º C/ 86F is not unusual ) and cold but dry winters ( -10ºto -15º C/ 5 to 14F) which are excellent for soil regeneration.
  2. its optimum sun exposure: the eastern exposure of valleys results in a perfect ripening cycle, beneficial for the development of highly refined aromas. Every minute of sunlight is valuable.
  3. its rainfall average: it is low (450 to 500 mm/ 18 to 20 in. a year ) but ideal thanks to the added benefit of high quality run-off spring water from the Vosges Mountains.
  4. its geological richness: granite, marl and loess are enriched by the proximity of the rustic Vosges forests. In addition to the mineral absorbed directly by the vines, soil must contain clay to retain water and minerals as well as sand to promote aeration.

An A.O.C. Charter

An A.O.C Charter ( Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée) rules winegrowing in Alsace.

Among other things, it specifies maximum yields, the obligation to bottle on the estate, the geographical borders of the Appellation etc…

Alsatian wines are produced from one grape variety. The name of this grape is on the label. If it is not mentioned on the label, the wine is a blend of several grape varieties sometimes called “Edelzwicker”, sometimes “Gentil”, or else the bottle bears a brand name.